Causes of Gum Disease
Many people may have gum disease and not know it—and that is because it is typically an oral disease that progresses over time. Because our mouths have over 600 types of bacteria in them, it is important for us to know that some of it is harmless, and some of it is not. Bacteria, saliva, and other oral particles combine to make a white, sticky plaque, and if not removed daily, it can turn into a harder version called “tartar.”
The buildup of bacteria, plaque, and tartar results in the early stages of gum disease that can begin with inflamed, bleeding, and tender gums. If left untreated, the inflammation can surround the tooth, causing the gums to pull away and create “periodontal pockets.” This situation—if not properly handled with a procedure like scaling or root planing—can eventually result in tooth loss
We recommend brushing your teeth at least three times a day, flossing at least once daily, and consistently attending your dental exams and cleanings to prevent any onset or progression of gum disease. People who smoke, have diabetes, are on medications that reduce the production of saliva, or women with serious hormonal changes are more susceptible to developing gum disease.